Stomach Cancer or Gastric cancer is the abnormal & uncontrolled growth of cells in the inner lining of the stomach that progresses into tumours. And if not detected & treated during the early stage, it spreads to other organs like the liver, lungs and pancreas.
Symptoms of Stomach Cancer:
Stomach cancer poses no symptoms in the early stages. It often goes undetected until it has spread to other parts of the stomach making the treatment more difficult.
In the later stages, stomach cancer may have the following symptoms:
- Trouble swallowing
- Feeling full even after small meals
- Stomach ache, especially after meals
- Bloody stools
- Jaundice or yellowing of eyes and skin
- Fatigue and weight loss
- In advanced stages, vomiting blood
Causes & Risk Factors of Stomach Cancer:
Cancer is the abnormal growth of cells that transforms into a tumour. Although it is not clear what causes stomach cancer, some risk factors potentially increase the probability of developing stomach cancer.
- Family History
- Alcohol abuse
- Helicobacter Pylori Infection
- Stomach Polyps
- Repeated Oesophageal reflux
- Repeated gastritis (also known as stomach inflammation)
- Having more processed foods
- Having fewer fruits and vegetables
- Having more salty foods
Stomach cancer is more often seen in people above 50 years of age. Additionally, people who have a sedentary lifestyle may have an increased chance of getting stomach cancer
Diagnosis of Stomach Cancer:
For an accurate diagnosis of stomach cancer, a doctor may prescribe a group of tests which includes:
- Blood Test
Treatment of Stomach Cancer:
Treatment of stomach cancer depends on the severity of cancer
If the cancer is still in its initial stages i.e it is in the superficial layer, an endoscopy may be performed to remove the cancerous cells.
In case if cancer has spread beyond the superficial layer, surgery may be needed to get rid of the cancerous cells.
Sometimes a combination of radiation therapy and chemotherapy is also prescribed along with the above options to stop further growth of the cells.
Some drugs may as well be prescribed by your doctor
Prevention of Stomach Cancer:
Although not all cancers can be prevented, there are some lifestyle changes that you can make to reduce the risk of stomach cancer. (This is applicable for other types of cancers, too)
- Maintain a healthy weight. If you are obese, seek a nutritionist’s help to reduce weight in a healthy manner
- Quit smoking
- Do not drink often and excessively
- Eat a healthy diet consisting of fresh fruits and vegetables
- Cut down the intake of salty, smoked and processed foods
- Exercise regularly
In case you are looking for any stomach related symptoms or problems, reach out to Infinity Gastro Plus Hospital, Surat where a team of expert doctors, under the guidance of Dr. Ronak Malani (A leading Gastro Surgeon of South Gujarat) is available 24 X 7 for a specialised treatment & care for range of gastro problems.
Dr. Ronak Malani
Gastroenterologist & Colorectal Cancer Specialist