Piles, Fissures & Fistula

Piles, Fissures & Fistula


Piles are one of the most common problems that are usually witnessed in any person. Besides Piles, some of them face severe problems with Fistula and Fissures.

Let’s understand all these three issues individually


Piles are enlarged veins that form in a range of sizes. Piles can either form internal or external. They usually come out of the anal area due to the swollen tissues. This is a very common problem that can happen to any person. Also known as Haemorrhoids, the major cause of this issue is pressure on the veins. The other common causes include:

  • Constipation
  • Obesity
  • Smoking Habits – Lots of Tobacco Usage

Treatment of Piles: In general, the treatment methods actually depend on the grade of Piles that the person has. To some extent, piles can be treated with medicines depending on the severity of the symptoms. In case, if the symptoms are severe in the patient, they can be treated through surgical methods

Fissure is a simple tear or break caused in the skin near the anal canal. This is also caused due to constipation and hard stool. As a result of the over-stretching of anal canal skin, it leads to a skin tear in that region. The skin around the anal canal is very sensitive. Whenever the person with Fissure tries to pass the stool, he or she will experience severe pain associated with bleeding. The reason is the skin tends to be teary causing pain to the patient.

Treatment of Fissure: Fissure is an acute problem for patients suffering from it. Mostly, 50 to 60 percent of people can cure this problem with proper medication. It is also required to take care of the region with simple conservative management. By applying the topical gel, it can soothe the pain and relax the sphincter. This particular treatment is advised to the patients who have fewer symptoms. In case, if the patient has critical symptoms like severe pain then, they are advised to go for a surgical option. The name of this surgery to treat Fissure is Sphincterotomy.

Fistula is actually a tunnel that provides a connection between two cavities or two openings. Fistula is sometimes referred to as an Anal Fistula. It is an abnormal connection or a channel between the anal canal and the external skin or perianal skin. Fistula can be treated only through surgical methods and there is no other option for it.

Treatment of Fistula:

VAAFT is a popular surgery for treating Anal Fistula. The full form of VAAFT is Video-Assisted Anal Fistula. This surgery is quite similar to laser surgery. During this surgery, the surgeon can view inside the anal fistula tract alongside the internal and external opening and perform coagulation

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There are many other different types of not so common tumors which can be treated by a gastrointestinal cancer specialist.