Gastro Intestinal Cancer Surgeries

Gastro Intestinal Cancer Surgeries

A Gastrointestinal (GI) tract is a 25 feet long tube that starts from the mouth upto the anus. The journey of the food we eat begins from our mouth, it then goes down through the esophagus into our stomach and the small intestine where the nutrients are extracted. Whatever is the leftover, i.e. the waste is excreted from our body through colon and rectum

A tumor in any of these organs leads to Gastrointestinal Cancer. GI Cancers have become very common worldwide and can be treated effectively if they are screened at an early stage.

Amongst all the parts, cancer in the colon, i.e. Colorectal Cancer is the most common and treatable cancers by a Gastrointestinal Cancer Surgeon.

Types of Gastrointestinal Cancers

Let’s begin with understanding various types of GI cancers and their location in the GI tract

Esophagus is a long tube that is the carrier of your food from mouth to the stomach. Esophageal Cancer usually occurs in the inner lining of this tube.

Stomach in the human body is a muscle bag like structure that is located just below our ribs. Factors like GERD, Obesity, diet high in salts and low on nutrients, any family history of stomach cancer, various stomach infections, gastritis, smoking, etc are some of the main factors that increase the risk of stomach cancer.

Colon, also known as the large intestine, is located below our stomach in the lower abdomen. Colon is the last stop of our food in the digestive system. Colorectal cancer occurs after the development of polyps i.e. tumor on the inner lining of the colon.

Pancreatic Cancer: Pancrea is a long flat gland which is located just behind our stomach in the digestive system. As it is located deep inside our body, development of the cancer is silent in nature. Although, if this cancer is not treated on time it can spread in the entire body. Some of the main symptoms for identifying Pancreatic Cancer are

  • Abdominal Pain

  • Sudden Loss of Appetite

  • Unidentified Weight Loss

  • Yellowing of skin (Jaundice)

  • Depression

  • Problems controlling blood sugar

Liver is one of the most important organs for the well being of our entire body and is located in the upper right abdomen, just below the ribs and above the diaphragm. Diagnosis of liver cancer at an early stage is rare because of its low signs and symptoms. Liver cancer generally occurs because of an existing liver problem or can also happen when a tumor travels/spreads from any other part of the body.

There are many other different types of not so common tumors which can be treated by a gastrointestinal cancer specialist.

There are many other different types of not so common tumors which can be treated by a gastrointestinal cancer specialist.